Rohit Gautam
by on September 25, 2020


Tarana :-   It is a type of composition in Hindustani classical vocal music in which certain words and syllables (e.g. "odani", "tadani", "tadeem" and "yalali") based on Persian and Arabic phonemes are rendered at a medium (madhya laya) or fast (drut laya) tempo. Like bandish in chota khayal , bdaa khayal , drupad , dhamar , thumri , it also consist two parts i.e sthaayi and antara.  It was invented by Amir Khusro (1253-1325 CE), and its words does not have any meaning. In modern times, the tarana is most commonly associated with the singer Amir Khan, who helped popularize it and researched its origins and the syllables used. Nissar Hussain Khan was also well known for tarana singing. Tarana was also used by Sikh tenth Guru Gobind Singh in his compositions.

  Tarana helps in practice of prepration,playing with tempo and pronounciation of words correctly. Mainly in classical music festivals it is performed after Bda khayal and chota khayal.   Sometimes singers also sings  taans while singing Tarana.

Example of Tarana based on Raag Kedar :- 

Sthaayi :-   Na dir dir daani tadani tom 

                   tanana tdaare daani dim tana tum dir daani 

Antara :- Uda Nit tana dere taa nom taana re 

             taadare daani dim  derna derna dim 

          taadare taare daani .  


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Posted in: Education, Recreation
Topics: tarana
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